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Gambling with Violence – State Outsourcing of War in Pakistan and India - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Gambling with Violence: State Outsourcing of War in Pakistan and India

Yelena Biberman


State outsourcing of violence to nonstate actors is a global practice that challenges our notions of legitimate warfare, statehood, and citizenship. It matters for counterinsurgency, civil war outcomes, the humane treatment of civilians and former combatants, and the prospects of post-conflict peace. In South Asia, the use of nonstate proxies is deeply entwined with questions of state fragility, the postcolonial social contract, and the rivalry between two nuclear powers. This book explains the origins of state-nonstate alliances in times of civil war. A new balance-of-interests framework is g ... More

Keywords: civil war, counterinsurgency, militia, proxy, alliance, nonstate actor, terrorism, Pakistan, India, South Asia

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190929961
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190929961.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Yelena Biberman, author
Assistant Professor of Political Science, Skidmore College