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Variation in PComparative Approaches to Adpositional Phrases$
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Jacopo Garzonio and Silvia Rossi

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190931247

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190931247.001.0001

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Cross-Linguistic Variation in the Layered Structure of PP

Cross-Linguistic Variation in the Layered Structure of PP

Evidence from PP Internal NP-Ellipsis

(p.191) Chapter 7 Cross-Linguistic Variation in the Layered Structure of PP
Variation in P

Hisako Takahashi

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a novel observation concerning cross-linguistic variation regarding NP-ellipsis (henceforth NPE) inside articulated PPs and considers its theoretical implications. It first shows that although NPE is equally available in nominals in English, Chinese, and Japanese, the parallel pattern breaks down when NPE takes place within PPs. This study proposes a principled account of the cross-linguistic variation in question on the basis of (i) the layered internal structure of PPs, (ii) the syntactic reflection of fusional/non-fusional case morphology, and (iii) a phase-based analysis of ellipsis. The proposed analysis correctly predicts not only the availability of NPE within PPs but also one without PPs in English, Chinese, and Japanese. This chapter also provides theoretical implications for the role of phases in ellipsis and the cross-linguistic differences in nominal morphology.

Keywords:   articulated PP, cross-linguistic variation, ellipsis, case morphology, phase, English, Chinese, Japanese

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