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Computational PropagandaPolitical Parties, Politicians, and Political Manipulation on Social Media$
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Samuel C. Woolley and Philip N. Howard

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190931407

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190931407.001.0001

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Building Bot Typologies

(p.64) 3 Canada
Computational Propaganda

Elizabeth Dubois

Fenwick McKelvey

Oxford University Press

Are bots active in Canada? Yes. Are they influential? Maybe. Using a combination of quantitative social media analysis, content analysis of news articles, and qualitative interviews, we study the use of political bots in Canada. We identify four kinds of bots. Amplifiers game digital systems to promote a message or channel. Dampeners suppress and remove information online. Alongside these problematic bots, we also find a number of benign bots that help journalists, civil society, and governments. These bots include transparency bots that disclose information to the public and servant bots that help maintain services and infrastructures. Even though bots might not yet be influential in Canada, improved media literacy and increased public discussion of the pitfalls of social media are required.

Keywords:   Canada, bots, propaganda, blogosphere, social media, civil society, grassroots movements, journalism

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