Chapter 5 uses the racialization-of-class thesis to demonstrate how the exclusion of caddies is based on class and racial dynamics, which are commonly conveyed through spatial arrangements. The analysis starts by showing how caddies’ low status is linked to their working-class origins as much as a narrative that justifies their impoverished condition on racialized grounds. The analysis then explains that although caddying offers a higher salary than most other working-class jobs, there are still multiple mechanisms that perpetuate caddies’ economic subordination. Interviewed club members constantly articulated a racialized discourse to speak about the spaces that caddies occupied. The chapter reveals how in a country that assumes that race (as a concept) and racism (as its manifestation) do not exist, space and spatial dynamics are highly effective ways to convey racialized hierarchies without the need to openly verbalize them.
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