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The Anthropology of Islamic LawEducation, Ethics, and Legal Interpretation at Egypt's Al-Azhar$
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Aria Nakissa

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190932886

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190932886.001.0001

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Salafism and Wasaṭism

Salafism and Wasaṭism

(p.257) 10 Salafism and Wasaṭism
The Anthropology of Islamic Law

Aria Nakissa

Oxford University Press

This chapter combines ethnography and textual analysis to examine how shifts in the structure of religious education have helped give rise to new perspectives on Islamic law. It gives special attention to the emergence of the reformist legal currents known as “Wasatism” and “Salafism.” Both currents reject taqlīd, hold that it is legitimate to dispense with the pedagogy of companionship, and believe that Sharīʿa rules can be adequately learned through the study of texts. The chapter analyzes these currents using insights from hermeneutic theory and practice theory. It first describes Salafism and Wasaṭism in detail, and then turns to the ongoing development of Wasaṭism.

Keywords:   Islam, Egypt, Wasatism, Salafism, taqlīd

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