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Inventing IdeasPatents, Prizes, and the Knowledge Economy$
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B. Zorina Khan

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190936075

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190936075.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2022

Designing Women

Designing Women

Gender and Innovation

Chapter:
(p.255) 10 Designing Women
Source:
Inventing Ideas
Author(s):

B. Zorina Khan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190936075.003.0010

This study of over 12,000 women inventors in Britain, France, and America reveals new insights about gender and creativity, and about incentives and institutions for innovation. Women tended to specialize in improvements of consumer final goods, the look and feel of existing items, and design-oriented products at the boundaries of art and technology. While their creativity was often directed toward improving family welfare within the household, many of their contributions proved to be valuable in the market for inventions. Family firms provided an important conduit that overcame social obstacles to their entrepreneurial efforts. By contrast, women were significantly less likely to be awarded prizes for their innovations, so it is not surprising that they typically opted not to participate in administered systems.

Keywords:   arts-crafts movement, Britain, consumer technologies, entrepreneurial women, family firms, gender and innovation, France, separate sphere, United States, women inventors

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