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Inventing IdeasPatents, Prizes, and the Knowledge Economy$
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B. Zorina Khan

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190936075

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190936075.001.0001

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Administered Invention in France

Administered Invention in France

Chapter:
(p.143) 6 Administered Invention in France
Source:
Inventing Ideas
Author(s):

B. Zorina Khan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190936075.003.0006

France presents the closest model of a soi-disant “entrepreneurial state,” including both centralized and decentralized administered innovation institutions. Scholars have argued that these approaches were superior to market transactions. However, their unrepresentative case studies have underestimated or ignored the costs of politically biased economic strategies, including greater uncertainty, incorrect relative prices and the misallocation of resources, and lower incentives for investments in inventive activity. A society based on special privileges for the few provided disproportionate benefits for elites and those with personal connections, disadvantaged creativity that threatened existing interests, and encouraged rent-seeking rather than returns from meeting market demand.

Keywords:   entrepreneurial state, councils of commerce, national industry exhibitions, mercantilism, national innovation system, patents, privileges, rent-seeking, Royal Academy of Sciences, Society for the Encouragement of National Industry

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