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The Inclusion Calculation – Why Men Appropriate Women's Representation - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Inclusion Calculation: Why Men Appropriate Women's Representation

Melody E. Valdini


Power-holders and gate-keepers in political parties and governments continue to be primarily men. How are they responding to the increasing numbers of women who are seeking leadership roles in politics? Are they angels who embrace equality and fling open the doors to power? Are they devils who block women at every turn? Are they powerless against the increasing tide of feminism and inadvertently succumbing to the push for power from women? Most likely, these male elites are primarily concerned with maintaining their own power, which drives their reaction to women’s political inclusion. The Inc ... More

Keywords: women’s representation, gender, patriarchy, candidate selection, gender quota adoption, gender stereotypes

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190936198
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190936198.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Melody E. Valdini, author
Associate Professor of Political Science, Portland State University