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The Future of Schools and Teacher EducationHow Far Ahead is Finland?$
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Eduardo Andere

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190938123

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190938123.001.0001

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The New National School Curricula

The New National School Curricula

(p.17) 2 The New National School Curricula
The Future of Schools and Teacher Education

Eduardo Andere

Oxford University Press

This chapter details the main changes in all school curricula focusing on the peruskoulu (comprehensive school) curriculum for grades 1 to 9. The chapter begins with a list of 21 elements or characteristics of Finnish education, what I call “the Finnish way.” Then, it describes, in great detail, the structure of the new 1–9 peruskoulu curriculum, the transversal competencies or themes in all curricula at all levels of school education, and how those competencies or themes are actually made a part of the content curriculum. This chapter has a section about the process, that is, how the Finnish authorities built the new curriculum. It was built with a lot of collaboration among many stakeholders. Based on interviews with governmental experts, the building process is explained in the section on building institutional and organizational capacity.

Keywords:   curriculum changes, phenomenal learning, integrative learning, Finnish peruskoulu curriculum, transversal competencies, Finnish k–12 education, Finnish future education

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