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Locke Among the Radicals – Liberty and Property in the Nineteenth Century - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Locke Among the Radicals: Liberty and Property in the Nineteenth Century

Daniel Layman


During the nineteenth century, the Lockean radicals—Thomas Hodgskin, Lysander Spooner, John Bray, and Henry George—picked up the loose ends of Locke’s property theory and wove them into two competing strands. Each strand addressed problems of liberty and equality that were emerging with industrial capitalism, but each did so in a different way. In one camp, Hodgskin and Spooner—the libertarian radicals—argued that the world of resources is common to all people only in the negative sense of being originally unowned by anyone. According to them, there are no just grounds for state redistribution ... More

Keywords: Locke, libertarianism, left-libertarianism, property, Lockean proviso, natural rights, republicanism, socialism, economic liberty, liberalism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780190939076
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190939076.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Daniel Layman, author
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Davidson College

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