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From Freedom Fighters to JihadistsHuman Resources of Non State Armed Groups$
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Vera Mironova

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190939755

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190939755.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2022

Making a Rebel Group Work

Making a Rebel Group Work

(p.85) 4 Making a Rebel Group Work
From Freedom Fighters to Jihadists

Vera Mironova

Oxford University Press

Popularity can cause problems for an armed group’s human resource wing. On one hand, the group’s ranks swell. But the group also has to ensure that such an influx does not decrease the overall quality of its labor force, because a good organization with good benefits attracts more than just dedicated fighters. To do this, armed groups impose additional unproductive costs on fighters in return for membership in the group. To ensure they get only the most trustworthy and loyal fighters, the most organized and successful groups present prospective fighters with a condition: adherence to a strict set of requirements that have no direct effect on fighting. Groups need to at least try to explain the rationale behind those restrictions to their members. Ideology—in the case of the Syrian civil war, Islamist ideology—comes in handy for that purpose.

Keywords:   recruiting, human resources, quality, management, ideology, Islam

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