Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Evolutionary NeuropsychologyAn Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Frederick L. Coolidge

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190940942

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190940942.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 September 2021

The Frontal Lobes

The Frontal Lobes

(p.96) 4 The Frontal Lobes
Evolutionary Neuropsychology

Frederick L. Coolidge

Oxford University Press

This chapter notes that the expansion of the brain, particularly the cortex, as well as increased behavioral flexibility, in mammals compared to that in reptiles, birds, and fishes. Mammalian brains have been typified by mosaic evolution and concerted evolution. The two most important influences on modern human brains have been the evolution of mammalian brains and primate brains, and the latter had the most profound influence on modern human brains. The prefrontal cortex is one of the major exaptations of the human brain, where the cognitive abilities known executive functions primarily reside. Those functions include decision-making, forming plans and goals, organizing, devising strategies to attain goals, inhibition, and the monitoring of effective performance. The frontal lobes of the earliest primates were under selective pressure to identify and eat fruits with their forelimbs. The brains of hominins may have exapted these same regions for object manipulation, tool-making, and eventually language functions such as word choice and word sequencing.

Keywords:   mammalian brains, primate brains, human brain uniqueness, mirror neurons, prefrontal cortex, executive functions, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal prefrontal cortex

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .