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The Spiritual Evolution of Margarito BautistaMexican Mormon Evangelizer, Polygamist Dissident, and Utopian Founder, 1878-1961$
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Elisa Eastwood Pulido

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190942106

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190942106.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 25 January 2022

Creating Utopia

Creating Utopia

Colonia Industrial/Nueva Jerusalén, 1942–1961

(p.182) 9 Creating Utopia
The Spiritual Evolution of Margarito Bautista

Elisa Eastwood Pulido

Oxford University Press

This chapter follows the history of Bautista’s polygamous utopia, Colonia Industrial/Nueva Jerusalén, from the purchase of property in 1942 to Bautista’s death in 1961. The chapter argues that after his excommunication from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon Church) and his expulsion from the Third Convention in 1937, Bautista’s vision of Mexican chosen-ness accompanied by the responsibility he felt to prepare Mexicans for their millennial duties, catapulted him into the role of a utopian founder. The colony’s establishment involved backbreaking labor and years of austere living. Bautista enforced rules to regulate communalism and to govern the acquisition and behavior of wives, often very young girls. The chapter includes a discussion of Bautista’s theological pillars: polygamy, communalism, and indigenous priesthood. He continued to send missionaries from his colony to proselytize, and he continued to publish tracts and pamphlets he authored until two years before his death in 1961.

Keywords:   Margarito Bautista, Colonia Industrial, Nueva Jerusalén, Ozumba, Mexican utopia, Mormon splinter groups, Mexican communalism, polygamy, indigenous priesthood, Latter-day Saints

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