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The Spiritual Evolution of Margarito BautistaMexican Mormon Evangelizer, Polygamist Dissident, and Utopian Founder, 1878-1961$
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Elisa Eastwood Pulido

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190942106

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190942106.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021

A Brief History of Indigenous Religious Authority in Mexico, 1519–1900

A Brief History of Indigenous Religious Authority in Mexico, 1519–1900

(p.9) 1 A Brief History of Indigenous Religious Authority in Mexico, 1519–1900
The Spiritual Evolution of Margarito Bautista

Elisa Eastwood Pulido

Oxford University Press

This brief history of indigenous spiritual authority in Mexico begins in 1513 with the arrival of the Spaniards and includes the argument that the conquest of Mexico resulted in the loss of indigenous spiritual authority through the defrocking of the Aztec priests and four centuries of indigenous exclusion from the Catholic clergy. The chapter contextualizes the search for indigenous identity and spiritual voice by recounting native responses to religious subjugation, including Indian rebellions, native prophets, bloody conflicts, and combinative religious practices through the nineteenth century. The arrival of Protestant and Mormon missionaries after the Civil War offered indigenous Mexican converts new avenues to ordination, education, and the development of leadership skills.

Keywords:   Mexican religion, indigenous clergy, indigenous conversion, Spanish conquest, ecclesiastical autonomy, lay leadership, Indian rebellions, combinative religion, Protestantism in Mexico, Latin American missions

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