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Science Denial – Why It Happens and What to Do About It - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Science Denial: Why It Happens and What to Do About It

Gale Sinatra and Barbara Hofer


How do individuals decide whether to accept human causes of climate change, vaccinate their children against childhood diseases, or practice social distancing during a pandemic? Democracies depend on educated citizens who can make informed decisions for the benefit of their health and well-being, as well as their communities, nations, and planet. Understanding key psychological explanations for science denial and doubt can help provide a means for improving scientific literacy and understanding—critically important at a time when denial has become deadly. In Science Denial: Why It Happens and ... More

Keywords: science denial, science doubt, science communication, science education, science understanding, motivated reasoning, reasoning bias, epistemic cognition, science denial solutions, climate change

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780190944681
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2021 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190944681.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Gale Sinatra, author
Stephen H. Crocker Professor of Education and Psychology, Rossier School of Education, University of Southern California

Barbara Hofer, author
Professor of Psychology Emerita, Middlebury College