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War and Peace in Somalia – National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab - Oxford Scholarship Online
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War and Peace in Somalia: National Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab

Michael Keating and Matt Waldman


For the last thirty years Somalia has experienced violence and upheaval. Today, the international effort to help Somalis build a federal state and achieve stability is challenged by deep-rooted grievances, local conflicts and a powerful insurgency led by Al-Shabaab. This book constitutes a unique compendium of insights into the insurgency and its impact. It explores the legacies of past violence, especially impunity, illegitimacy, and exclusion, and the need for national reconciliation. Drawing on decades of experience and months of field research, the chapters throw light on diverse forms of ... More

Keywords: Somalia, federal state, stability, insurgency, Al-Shabaab, conflict resolution, violence, impunity, national reconciliation, local conflict

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190947910
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190947910.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael Keating, editor
European Institute of Peace

Matt Waldman, editor
Center fo r Empathy in International Affairs

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Addressing the Past: Impunity, Illegitimacy and Exclusion

Looma Dhama

Ken Menkhaus and Ismahan Adawe

Neither Inevitable nor Accidental

The United Nations Accountability Project—Somalia

Governing Endemic Crises

Jutta Bakonyi

Ending Impunity

Tobias Hagmann and Mohammed Mealin Seid

Understanding Local Conflict and Developing Effective Responses

Achieving Local Reconciliation in Somalia

Peace and Development Research Center

Local Reconciliation in Somalia

Abukar Sanei and Mohamed A. Omar

Exploitation of Natural Resources as a Driver of Conflict

Mohamed Abdi Omer and Mohamed Farah Hersi

The Sharia Courts of Mogadishu

Ahmed Sh. Ibrahim

Determinants of Success

Galymzhan Kirbassov


Najum Mushtaq

Promoting National Peace and Reconciliation

Reconciliation in Somalia

Aden Abdi and Alexander Ramsbotham

State-Building and Peacebuilding in Somalia

Thania Paffenholz, Constance Dijkstra and Andreas Hirblinger

Somali National Reconciliation

Abdurahman Abdullahi “Baadiyow”

Challenges and Opportunities

The Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue

The Human Diversity of Conflict: Women, Men and Youth

Beyond Principles

Judith Gardner

Women in Al-Shabaab

“Khadija” and Stephen Harley

Between a Rock and a Hard Place

Judy El-Bushra, Judith Gardner and Adan Abokor

Addressing the Gap

Sagal Aziz Deria, Erin Gillette, Katherine Henshaw, and Savannah Simons

Understanding and Responding to Al-Shabaab

Somalia’s Southern War

Catherine Besteman and Daniel Van Lehman

Youth Radicalization

Hussein Yusuf Ali

Al-Shabaab’s Youth Recruitment Project

Mohamed Haji Abdullahi “Ingiriis”

Rivals in Governance

Roland Marchal

Can Al-Shabaab Deliver?

Richard Barrett

Is Anybody Listening?

Harrper Mary

Anatomy of Counter-Jihad

Stig Jarle Hansen, Linnéa Gelot and members of the ISHA human rights group

International Aspects of Al-Shabaab

Al-Qaida and Al-Shabaab

Tricia Bacon and Daisy Muibu

Foreign Fighter Influence in Al-Shabaab

Tricia Bacon and Daisy Muibu

Travelling for an Idea

Johusa Meservey

Engaging with Al-Shabaab

Negotiations with Al-Shabaab

Harmonie Toros and Stephen Harley

Community Perspectives Towards Al-Shabaab

Joanne Crouch and Abdi Ali

Al-Shabaab Attitudes Towards Negotiations

Anneli Botha and Mahdi Abdile

Aid, Business and Reconciliation

Collaborating for Peace

Dominik Balthasar and Anja Osei

Insights from Network Analysis in Somalia

Mircea Gherghina, Sandra McNeill, and Khadir Abdi

Business-Led Peacebuilding in Somalia

Bahar Ali Kazmi and Faisa Abdi Loyaan