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War and Peace in SomaliaNational Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab$
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Michael Keating and Matt Waldman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190947910

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190947910.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 January 2021

Between a Rock and a Hard Place

Between a Rock and a Hard Place

Young Somali Men Today

(p.275) Between a Rock and a Hard Place
War and Peace in Somalia

Judy El-Bushra

Judith Gardner

Adan Abokor

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the results of a study on the experience of young men in Somalia, who are the predominant perpetrators and victims of violence. Somali men face high expectations: they are to protect the well-being of the family, kinship group, and clan, and, among other things, demonstrate self-discipline, courage, humanity, and generosity. They are exploited by older elites and are under pressure to support their clan or sub-clan, sometimes by taking up arms. They often face daily physical insecurity, although levels of vulnerability are often tied to class or ethnic background. While young men are often judged by negative stereotypes or perceived as security threats, the chapter suggests that in fact they weigh risks, seek to live by moral values, strive for an education, and try to fulfil family responsibilities by generating an honest income.

Keywords:   Somali men, young men, Somalia, violence, male youths

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