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Finding Faith in Foreign PolicyReligion and American Diplomacy in a Postsecular World$
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Gregorio Bettiza

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190949464

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190949464.001.0001

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International Religious Freedom

International Religious Freedom

(p.55) Chapter 3 International Religious Freedom
Finding Faith in Foreign Policy

Gregorio Bettiza

Oxford University Press

The chapter identifies the constellation of desecularizing actors embedded in postsecular processes responsible for the institutionalization and evolution of the International Religious Freedom regime since the late 1990s. It then investigates the main institutions and practices of the regime and their evolution over time. The chapter suggests that processes of desecularization that underpin this regime are opening up greater spaces for the organized and sustained inclusion, reification, positive essentialization, and normative accommodation of religion in US foreign policy. In terms of global effects, the IRF regime advances a radically pluralist cum Protestant particularist understanding of what constitutes religion and religious freedom; contributes to the religionization of world politics through mechanisms of elevation and categorization; and promotes the adoption of similar policies around the world. The conclusion summarizes the main findings and reflects on developments taking place under President Trump.

Keywords:   American foreign policy, religion, postsecularism, desecularization, international religious freedom, human rights, Christian persecution

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