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Finding Faith in Foreign PolicyReligion and American Diplomacy in a Postsecular World$
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Gregorio Bettiza

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190949464

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190949464.001.0001

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Faith-Based Foreign Aid

Faith-Based Foreign Aid

(p.97) Chapter 4 Faith-Based Foreign Aid
Finding Faith in Foreign Policy

Gregorio Bettiza

Oxford University Press

The chapter identifies the constellation of desecularizing actors embedded in postsecular processes responsible for the emergence of the Faith-Based Foreign Aid regime under President Bush in the early 2000s. It examines the continuation and evolution of the regime over time and shows how this has depended on the type of desecularizing actors that have had access to the Bush and Obama administrations. It argues that the regime generates considerable forms of institutional desecularization, sustained by parallel processes of ideological and state-normative desecularization. In terms of global effects, the regime is potentially shaping global religious landscapes primarily by supporting Christian organizations and communities, and contributing to processes of religionization especially through mechanisms of elevation. The conclusion summarizes the chapter’s findings, compares the regime to the International Religious Freedom regime, and considers developments occurring under President Trump.

Keywords:   American foreign policy, religion, postsecularism, desecularization, faith-based initiatives, faith-based organizations, humanitarianism, development

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