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Remembering – An Activity of Mind and Brain - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Remembering: An Activity of Mind and Brain

Fergus I. M. Craik


The book sets out Fergus Craik’s view of human memory as a dynamic activity of mind and brain. In this account, remembering is understood as a system of active cognitive processes, similar to the processes underlying attending, perceiving, and thinking. The book therefore extends and elaborates the concept of “levels of processing” proposed by Craik and Lockhart (1972). Thus, encoding processes are essentially the mental activities involved in perceiving and understanding, and retrieval is described as the partial reactivation of these same processes. It is further suggested that “memory trace ... More

Keywords: remembering, human memory, attention, levels of processing, encoding, retrieval, working memory, aging, cognitive neuroscience

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780192895226
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2021 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780192895226.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Fergus I. M. Craik, author
Senior Scientist Emeritus, Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest, Toronto