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In Defence of the Human BeingFoundational Questions of an Embodied Anthropology$
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Thomas Fuchs

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780192898197

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780192898197.001.0001

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Brain World or Life World? Critique of Neuroconstructivism

Brain World or Life World? Critique of Neuroconstructivism

Chapter:
(p.144) Chapter 6 Brain World or Life World? Critique of Neuroconstructivism
Source:
In Defence of the Human Being
Author(s):

Thomas Fuchs

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780192898197.003.0007

From a neuro-constructivistic point of view, the brain creates an internal simulation of the external world which appears as the phenomenal world in consciousness. This view presupposes in particular that the subjective body and the organic or objective body belong to two fundamentally different worlds, the mental and the physical. The spatiality of the subject-body must then be declared an illusion, for example by referring to dissociations of the subject- and object-body as in the rubber hand illusion or the phantom limb. However, this alleged virtuality of body experience can be refuted by the intersubjectivity of perception, which confirms the co-extensivity of subject-body and object-body. Subjectivity thus proves to be as embodied as it is spatially extended, that means, as bodily being-in-the-world.

Keywords:   neuro-constructivism, brain, subject-body, object-body, body schema, phantom limb, spatiality, intersubjectivity

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