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Adolescents at RiskPrevalence and Prevention$
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Joy G. Dryfoos

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195072686

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780195072686.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 16 May 2022

The Overlap in High-Risk Behaviors

The Overlap in High-Risk Behaviors

(p.94) 7 The Overlap in High-Risk Behaviors
Adolescents at Risk

Joy G. Dryfoos

Oxford University Press

The previous four chapters have reviewed the consequences, antecedents, and numbers of adolescents at risk of behaviors in four distinct fields of study: delinquency, substance use, teenage pregnancy, and school failure. It should be apparent that these fields are interrelated since the same variables have emerged time and time again as consequences or antecedents of the diverse behaviors. In this chapter, the commonalities among these fields are analyzed and synthesized. First, we address the question of common antecedents or predictors of behavior. Then, we focus on the overlap in high-risk behavior. How many young people “do it all,” and how many don't do any of it? From the wealth of data presented in the preceding chapters and from studies that look at the co-occurrence of these behaviors, a “synthetic estimate” is created that quantifies target groups for comprehensive interventions. Chapters 3 to 6 presented summaries of the antecedents of the separate problem behaviors (see Tables 3.7, 4.7, 5.7, and 6.7). A large number of variables were identified in each category. However, some of the antecedents or predictors applied only to one or two of the behaviors. A summary of the four diverse fields of study yields six common characteristics that predict each of the problem behaviors: … 1. Age: Early initiation or occurrence of any behavior predicts heavy involvement in the behavior and more negative consequences. 2. Expectations for education and school grades: Doing poorly in school and expecting to do poorly in school are associated with all of the problem behaviors. 3. General behavior: Acting out, truancy, antisocial behavior, and other conduct disorders are related to each of the problem behaviors. 4. Peer influence: Having low resistance to peer influences and having friends who participate in the same behaviors are common to all of the behaviors. 5. Parental role: Having insufficient bonding to parents, having parents who do not monitor, supervise, offer guidance, or communicate with their children, and having parents who are either too authoritarian or too permissive are all strongly associated with the behaviors.…

Keywords:   Adolescent fatherhood, Bonding, Heroin use, High-risk youth, Low-risk youth, Modal grade status, National Youth Survey, Parental education, Rural adolescents

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