Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Computation, Dynamics, and Cognition$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Marco Giunti

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195090093

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780195090093.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 October 2021

Galilean Models and Explanations

Galilean Models and Explanations

(p.113) Three Galilean Models and Explanations
Computation, Dynamics, and Cognition

Marco Giunti

Oxford University Press

Given a natural kind K (for example, mechanical, chemical, biological, cognitive, etc.), I say that a real system is a K -system if and only if it has some K-property. The main goal of this chapter is to analyze a particular type of scientific explanation, which I call a Galilean explanation. This analysis is based on a more general view of scientific explanation, according to which scientific explanations are solutions of problems of a special type. This type of problem essentially consists of two parts: first, considering a certain K-system and, second, setting the goal of scientifically explaining some K -property of this system. A scientific explanation of a K -property of a K -system is an explanation obtained by studying a model of the K -system, and the type of scientific explanation we construct in general depends on the type of model that we are going to study. Galilean explanations are a particular type of scientific explanations, for they are based on the study of models of a special type. I call a model of this special type a Galilean model of a K -system. The next four sections of this chapter explain, exactly, what I mean by a Galilean model of a K-system. A Galilean explanation of a K -property of a K -system is an explanation obtained by studying a Galilean model of the K -system. But if we need to study a Galilean model of the K -system, we must first specify or describe the model in such a way that we are able to use the model for constructing the explanation we seek. Therefore, the problem of constructing a Galilean explanation of a K -property of a K -system presupposes the problem of specifying a Galilean model of the K -system. we will see in section 6 that this second problem is equivalent to that of producing a correct Galilean framework of the K -system. Thus, if our main goal is to produce a Galilean explanation of a particular K -property P of a fixed K -system KRS, we must first construct a correct Galilean framework of KRS. Furthermore, this correct framework must also be P-explanatory, in the sense that it must specify a Galilean model of KRS whose study will then allow us to produce an explanation of the particular K -property P we want to explain.

Keywords:   K-aspect, dependence on a magnitude, function of time, law, magnitude, parameter, structure, generated

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .