In Southern Cyprus the principal site of interest is Paphos, where the Apostle Paul encountered the Roman governor of Cyprus, Sergius Paulus. But other fine sites of interest range from Paphos to Larnaca, a distance of approximately 80 miles. Since there are airports in both locations and ferries arrive at Limassol, a visit might begin at any one of these places. In any case, with an early start it is possible to make a round trip between Paphos and Larnaca in one day and see the principal sites. A much easier itinerary, however, involves seeing the sites in the Paphos area on one day and the sites in Larnaca on another day, along with those between Paphos and Larnaca. The two sites in the south referred to in the Bible are Paphos and Kition (Kittim), which is mentioned in the Hebrew scriptures. Related sites include St. Paul’s Pillar, the Catacombs of Agia Solomoni, the Tombs of the Kings, Paleopaphos, the Temple of Aphrodite, Kourion, the Temple of Apollo, and the Church of St. Lazarus, as well as several museums. The route below begins at Larnaca and proceeds toward Paphos, since that is the direction Paul and his companions traveled. At one time, Kition was one of the greatest naval powers in the Mediterranean, and its mercenaries even served in the deserts of southern Judea. Today its ruins still suggest the might of this ancient city. The site of ancient Kition, known in the Bible as Kittim, is located in the modern city of Larnaca. In the construction of Larnaca, whose name likely came from the Greek word for sarcophagus (larnax), or coffin, many sarcophagi were unearthed from ancient Kition. Larnaca was the location of a settlement of Mycenaeans as early as the 13th century B.C.E. Later abandoned, the site was rebuilt around 1200 B.C.E. by Achaean refugees following the destruction of the great Mycenaean centers of mainland Greece. A second wave of immigrants arrived about 1150 B.C.E. The original mud-brick city walls were rebuilt in the 12th century B.C.E. with cyclopean stones, huge rectangular ashlar blocks. After an earthquake in 1075 B.C.E., the city was resettled closer to the sea.
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