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Learning to Live TogetherPreventing Hatred and Violence in Child and Adolescent Development$
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David A. Hamburg and Beatrix A. Hamburg

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195157796

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780195157796.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2021

Violence prevention in the context of child and adolescent development

Violence prevention in the context of child and adolescent development

(p.83) 6 Violence prevention in the context of child and adolescent development
Learning to Live Together

David A. Hamburg

Beatrix A. Hamburg

Oxford University Press

What conditions favor good results in child and adolescent development? What can shift the odds away from dismal outcomes such as youth violence? How can our children grow up healthy and vigorous, inquiring and problem solving, decent and constructive? We approach such questions in two ways, using… 1. a basic generic comprehensive developmental sequence that provides antidotes to shattered and distorted lives–lives that are conducive to youth violence and other pathologies, or 2. a specific set of targeted interventions that can help to prevent youth violence and enhance personal ability to deal with conflict in nonviolent ways…. Both of these approaches need to be considered in a multifaceted way, taking into account the pivotal institutions that powerfully shape child and adolescent development: family, community, media, health, and education systems. This chapter focuses mainly on possibilities for averting youth violence by fostering healthy, constructive, prosocial development throughout childhood and adolescence, but we also have some remarks about interventions targeted specifically to preventing youth violence. A poor start in life can leave an enduring legacy of impairment, and the high costs may show up in various systems–health, education, and juvenile justice.We call these impairments by many names: disease, disability, delinquency, ignorance, incompetence, hatred, and violence. By whatever name, such outcomes entail severe economic and social penalties for the entire society as well as suffering for the damaged persons. During their earliest years of growth and development, children require dependable attachment to parents or other adult caregivers; they need protection, guidance, stimulation, nurturance, and tutelage in skills to cope with adversity. Infants, in particular, need caregivers who promote attachment and thereby instill the fundamentals of trust and decent human relationships throughout the child’s life. Young adolescents, too, have a special need to connect with people who can guide their momentous transition to adulthood with sensitivity and understanding.

Keywords:   Campus Compact, Foster Grandparent program, Girls Incorporated, Junior League, Public Agenda, violence prevention

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