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Biogeochemistry of Estuaries$
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Thomas S. Bianchi

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195160826

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780195160826.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

Phosphorus and Silica Cycles

Phosphorus and Silica Cycles

Chapter:
(p.346) Chapter 11 Phosphorus and Silica Cycles
Source:
Biogeochemistry of Estuaries
Author(s):

Thomas S. Bianchi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780195160826.003.0021

Phosphorus (P) is one of the most well-studied nutrients in aquatic ecosystems because of its role in limiting primary production on ecological and geological timescales (van Capellen and Berner, 1989; Holland, 1994; Tyrell, 1999; van Cappellen and Ingall, 1996). Other key linkages to biological systems include the role of P as an essential constituent of genetic material (RNA and DNA) and cellular membranes (phospholipids), as well as in energy-transforming molecules (e.g., ATP, etc.). Consequently, marine P has received considerable attention in recent decades, with particular emphasis on source and sink terms in budgets (Froelich et al., 1982; Meybeck, 1982; Ruttenberg, 1993; Sutula et al., 2004). Excessive loading of N to estuarine waters can result in P limitation in systems that are generally considered to be N limited. In such cases where primary production is limited by P, N:P ratios are expected to exceed the Redfield value of 16:1 but can be replenished by sediment efflux of P due to redox changes. For example, after the initial N loading of a system there will be an increase in primary production, which can cause the system to become P limited. Then, the phytodetritus from these early stages of N loading can be remineralized in sediments resulting in anoxic conditions in surface sediments, which can then enhance P release from sediments to the overlying waters where primary production is once again enhanced. Evidence for the role of sediment-derived P on primary production in estuaries with high N loading has been shown to occur particularly in shallow water systems (Timmons and Price, 1996; Cerco and Seitzinger, 1997). On the other hand, many coastal areas have also been subjected to high P loading from anthropogenic sources, where in some cases inputs of P are 10 to 100 times greater than in preindustrial times (Caraco et al., 1993). In many cases, P and N loading to estuarine systems will occur simultaneously and decoupling or isolating their individual effects can be difficult (e.g., HELCOM, 2001). The cycling and availability of P in estuaries is largely dependent upon P speciation.

Keywords:   dissolved organic P (DOP), particulate organic P (POP), phosphorus, potentially bioavailable P (BAP), silica, soluble reactive P (SRP), total dissolved P (TDP), total particulate P (TPP)

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