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Asian American SpiesHow Asian Americans Helped Win the Allied Victory$
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Brian Masaru Hayashi

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780195338850

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780195338850.001.0001

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Countering Enemy Spies, Rescuing POWs, and Dealing with Collaborators

Countering Enemy Spies, Rescuing POWs, and Dealing with Collaborators

(p.155) Chapter 6 Countering Enemy Spies, Rescuing POWs, and Dealing with Collaborators
Asian American Spies

Brian Masaru Hayashi

Oxford University Press

Asian Americans joined X-2 (the counterintelligence branch) and were involved in spy hunts. They were not always successful, as the Japanese Mata Hari’s spy ring eluded capture. Yet Asian American like John Kwock were nevertheless effective in securing OSS facilities from penetration by Japanese and Chinese Nationalist agents under Tai Li. Their greatest contribution, however, came with the Allied POWs rescue operations for missions code-named Cardinal and Pigeon. They also took up war crimes investigations immediately after the cessation of hostilities. They looked into alleged collaborationist activities of their ethnic cohorts such as Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan’s radio propaganda broadcaster Herbert Moy, and others whose alleged activities were deemed treasonous by European American investigators such as Frank Farrell. With their expert knowledge of the local context in East Asia as well as the alleged traitors’ Asian American background, this provided them with a unique ability to assess these cases.

Keywords:   Frank Farrell, Herbert Moy, Mata Hari, John Kwock, Michael Yasutake, POW rescue missions, Ray Uyeshima, SOE, Tai Li, treason

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