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Write Like a ChemistA Guide and Resource$
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Marin S Robinson, Fredricka L Stoller, Molly Constanza-Robinson, and James K Jones

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195367423

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780195367423.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2021

Writing the Results Section

Writing the Results Section

Chapter:
(p.111) 4 Writing the Results Section
Source:
Write Like a Chemist
Author(s):

Marin S Robinson

Fredricka L Stoller

Molly Constanza-Robinson

James K Jones

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780195367423.003.0010

This chapter focuses on the Results section of the journal article. The Results section makes use of both text and graphics to highlight the essential findings of a study and to tell the story of scientific discovery. In this chapter we focus on writing the text; we refer you to chapter 16 for information on formatting graphics. After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following: ◾ Distinguish between the description and interpretation of data ◾ Organize and present your results in a clear, logical manner ◾ Refer appropriately to a figure or graph in the text ◾ Use appropriate tense, voice, and word choice ◾ Prepare a properly formatted figure and table As you work through the chapter, you will write a Results section for your own paper. The Writing on Your Own tasks throughout the chapter will guide you step by step as you do the following: 4A Read the literature and review your results 4B Organize your results 4C Prepare figures and/or tables 4D Tell the story of scientific discovery 4E Practice peer review 4F Fine-tune your Results section The purpose of a Results section (the third section in the standard IMRD format) is to present the most essential data collected during a research project. A well-written Results section guides the reader’s attention back and forth between text and graphics while highlighting important features of the data and telling the story of scientific discovery. Months (possibly years) of accumulated knowledge and wisdom, and countless pages of data, are distilled into only a few pages; hence, only the essential threads of the story are included in the Results section. In many journal articles, the Results section is actually a combined Results and Discussion (R&D) section. Combined R&D sections are preferred by many scientists who want to present and discuss results in an unbroken chain of thought. The combination is often more concise because less time is spent reminding the reader which results are being discussed. Combined R&D sections are not all alike; rather, they fall on a continuum with fully separated R&D sections at one end and fully integrated R&D sections at the other.

Keywords:   Dangling graphics, R for radical or residue, Singular vs. plural words, Words to avoid

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