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Aniridia and WAGR SyndromeA Guide for Patients and Their Families$
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Jill Ann Nerby and Jessca Otis

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195389302

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780195389302.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

Teachers’ and School Administrators’ Guide

Teachers’ and School Administrators’ Guide

(p.151) 11 Teachers’ and School Administrators’ Guide
Aniridia and WAGR Syndrome

Jessica J. Otis

Jill Ann Nerby

Oxford University Press

A child with aniridia is being placed in your classroom, and you may be wondering whether their needs are different from those of your other students. This information has been written to answer any questions or concerns about this new teaching experience. When a child with a visual disability is enrolled in a regular class, careful consideration is given to assess whether he or she can compete both academically and socially. Although he or she may need to cope with visual and emotional stresses usually not encountered by non-disabled children, he or she will soon become a fully participating member of the class. In order to ensure that the child with aniridia has the opportunity to reach their full academic potential, the child and you will hopefully receive the supportive services of a special teacher of the visually impaired (VI teacher) to discuss classroom situations. A child with aniridia is generally considered eligible for special services of a resource and/or VI teacher if their measured visual acuity is 20/70 or less in the better eye with corrective lenses (in other words, if what he or she can see at twenty feet is no more than what a person with normal vision sees at seventy feet). Children who have a measured visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better/corrected eye or who have a visual field of no greater than twenty degrees are classified as legally blind. Aniridia is a partial or complete absence of the iris, and it may be associated with other ocular defects such as macular and optic nerve hypoplasia, cataract, corneal surface abnormalities that lead to decreased vision, and nystagmus. The vision may fluctuate, depending on lighting conditions and glare. Glaucoma is a secondary problem causing additional visual loss over time. Because of poor visual acuity and nystagmus, low-vision aids are very helpful. Lifelong regular follow up care is necessary for early detection of any new problem so that timely treatment is given.

Keywords:   Aniridia, CCTV (Closed Circuit Television), Daily living skills, Glaucoma, Listening skills, Maps and charts, Nystagmus, Optical aids, PowerPoint presentations

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