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Hard White – The Mainstreaming of Racism in American Politics - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Hard White: The Mainstreaming of Racism in American Politics

Richard C. Fording and Sanford F. Schram


This book analyzes data from a variety of sources to understand the mainstreaming of racism today, putting this research in a historical context. With issues of globalization, immigration, and demographic diversification achieving greater public salience, racism is now more likely to manifest itself in the form of a generalized ethnocentrism that expresses “outgroup hostility” toward a diverse set of groups, including Latinos and Muslims as well as African Americans. Changes in both structure and agency have facilitated the mainstreaming of racism today. Changes in the “political opportunity s ... More

Keywords: racism, white extremism, white nationalism, outgroup hostility, public opinion, political behavior, Trumpism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780197500484
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780197500484.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Richard C. Fording, author
Professor of Political Science, University of Alabama

Sanford F. Schram, author
Professor of Political Science and Professor of Sociology, Hunter College and CUNY Graduate Center