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The Red MirrorPutin's Leadership and Russia's Insecure Identity$
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Gulnaz Sharafutdinova

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780197502938

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780197502938.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021



Building the Modern Media Machine

(p.133) 6 MMM for VVP
The Red Mirror

Gulnaz Sharafutdinova

Oxford University Press

Putin’s leadership is constructed through media. This chapter explores the key points in the development of the Kremlin-controlled media machine, including the key actors, central mechanisms, and the dominant ideological frames. The chapter makes an argument that the media machine evolved in response to arising political challenges such as Ukraine’s 2004 “Orange revolution,” the 2011–2012 public protests in Russia, and the new standoff with the West after the 2014 annexation of Crimea.

Keywords:   media machine, media politics, Kremlin-controlled media, Russia, Vladislav Surkov, sovereign democracy, traditional values, Alexei Gromov, authoritarian legitimation

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