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Hominin Postcranial Remains from Sterkfontein, South Africa, 1936-1995 - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Hominin Postcranial Remains from Sterkfontein, South Africa, 1936-1995

Bernhard Zipfel, Brian G. Richmond, and Carol V. Ward


The excavations at Sterkfontein Cave, Gauteng Province, South Africa, have yielded one of the largest collections of postcranial fossils of any hominin site. These fossils remain relatively unstudied, and few published comprehensively, despite the enormous potential of these fossils for answering questions about Australopithecus africanus paleobiology, early hominin variation, and early human evolution. This volume presents photographs, anatomical descriptions and analyses for all Sterkfontein hominin postcranial fossils that were available for study in 2009, when an international workshop of ... More

Keywords: Sterkfontein Caves, postcranial remains, hominins, fossils, Australopithecus africanus, human evolution

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780197507667
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780197507667.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Bernhard Zipfel, editor
University Curator of Fossil and Rock Collections, Evolutionary Studies Institute, University of the Witwatersrand

Brian G. Richmond, editor
Senior Data Scientist for Product Intelligence, Aura Health

Carol V. Ward, editor
Curators' Distinguished Professor, University of Missouri School of Medicine

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Section 1 Temporal, geologic, and historical context of the Sterkfontein hominins

Section 2 Postcranial anatomy of the Sterkfontein hominins

4 The partial skeletons

Carol V. Ward, Martin Haeusler, and Bernhard Zipfel

6 Distal humerus

Michael R. Lague and Colin G. Menter

7 Ulna and radius

Michelle S. M. Drapeau and Colin G. Menter

8 Carpals

Matthew W. Tocheri and Job Kibii

9 Metacarpals and manual phalanges

Tracy L. Kivell, Kelly R. Ostrofsky, Brian G. Richmond, and Michelle S.M. Drapeau

10 Thoracolumbar vertebrae and ribs

Carol V. Ward, Burt Rosenman, Bruce Latimer, and Shahed Nalla

11 Pelvis

Martin Haeusler and Christopher B. Ruff

12 Femur

Jeremy M. DeSilva and Mark W. Grabowski

13 Tibia and fibula

Kristian J. Carlson, Bernhard Zipfel, and William L. Jungers

14 Tarsals

Tea Jashashvili, Matthew W. Tocheri, Kristian J. Carlson, and Ronald J. Clarke

15 Metatarsals and pedal phalanges

Bernhard Zipfel and Roshna Wunderlich

Section 3 Functional anatomy and biology

16 Long bone cross-sectional geometry

Christopher B. Ruff, Ryan W. Higgins, and Kristian J. Carlson

17 Limb proportions and positional behavior

Adam D. Gordon, David J. Green, William L. Jungers, and Brian G. Richmond

18 Summary and synthesis

Carol V. Ward and Bernhard Zipfel