The WTO Dispute Settlement System in 2018
In 2018 panel and Appellate Body reports were adopted in nine disputes. The majority of the disputes concerned violations under the Anti-Dumping Agreement, the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade of 1994. Most disputes concerned unfair trade measures. They included another compliance dispute in the long-running Airbus/Boeing dispute series (the European Union was found not to have fully implemented the original rulings); a dispute concerning the Agreement on Safeguards (where the challenged duty turned out not be a safeguard measure); and a complaint against anti-dumping duties imposed by the European Union on biodiesel. In 2018, panel reports were also adopted in two of four complaints against Australia’s tobacco plain packaging regulations. In these reports, the panel had rejected all claims of violations under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. However, the other two complainants have appealed the panel report, so the case will continue past 2018. In the course of 2018, the composition of the Appellate Body was reduced to three members.
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