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Headless Relative Clauses in Mesoamerican Languages$
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Ivano Caponigro, Harold Torrence, and Roberto Zavala Maldonado

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780197518373

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780197518373.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

Headless Relative Clauses in Southeastern Tepehuan (O'dam)

Headless Relative Clauses in Southeastern Tepehuan (O'dam)

Chapter:
(p.58) 2 Headless Relative Clauses in Southeastern Tepehuan (O'dam)
Source:
Headless Relative Clauses in Mesoamerican Languages
Author(s):

Gabriela García Salido

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780197518373.003.0002

Varieties of headless relative clauses in the Uto-Aztecan language Southeastern Tepehuan (O’dam) are discussed, together with two related constructions: wh- interrogative clauses and headed relative clauses. O’dam encodes relative clauses using two strategies: nominalization and finite clause formation. Unlike most of the Uto-Aztecan family, O’dam uses the nominalization strategy only in ritual speech. Elsewhere, the language uses the general subordinator particle na to introduce all types of embedded clauses: adverbial, completive, and relative. This mode of subordination is typologically interesting for the Uto-Aztecan family because it results in an innovative strategy: finite clauses instead of nominalization. O’dam distinguishes between headed and headless relative clauses. Unlike headed relative clauses, headless relative clauses in O’dam lack a nominal head and require a wh-word. Two main varieties are attested: free relative clauses (maximal and existential, but not free choice) and light-headed relative clauses.

Keywords:   Southeastern Tepehuan, O’dam, Uto Aztecan, free relative, light-headed relative, headed relative, wh-expression, interrogative clause, subordination

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