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The PossibleA Sociocultural Theory$
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Vlad P. Glăveanu

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780197520499

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780197520499.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 September 2021

Perspectival Worlds

Perspectival Worlds

Chapter:
(p.75) 4 Perspectival Worlds
Source:
The Possible
Author(s):

Vlad P. Glăveanu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780197520499.003.0004

This chapter argues that worlds of difference and culture are, by necessity, perspectival. This defining feature is supported by the polysemic uses of language and the open-ended nature of narratives. It is enhanced by the existence of various groups, communities, and relations between them, leading to a plurality of social representations. It is reflected in the state of cognitive polyphasia and the reflective dialogues we establish between different, sometimes even opposing, perspectives. Finally, it is supported by forms of engagement with our material environment that alternate between the use of things, objects, and artifacts. In all these instances, the world is discovered as perspectival and experienced as such. At the same time, perspectival worlds should not be taken for granted. There are active forces within them, fueled by power and inequalities within society, that make certain perspectives disappear and others gain a hegemonic position as a “view from nowhere.”

Keywords:   language, narratives, social representations, cognitive polyphasia, materiality, perspectivism, power

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