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Conversion to IslamCompeting Themes in Early Islamic Historiography$
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Ayman S. Ibrahim

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780197530719

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780197530719.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 September 2021

Establishing Pro-ᶜAbbāsid Orthodoxy

Establishing Pro-ᶜAbbāsid Orthodoxy

Conversion Themes in Islamic Historiography under the Early ᶜAbbāsids (ca. 133/750–218/833)

(p.101) 3 Establishing Pro-ᶜAbbāsid Orthodoxy
Conversion to Islam

Ayman S. Ibrahim

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 examines conversion themes in pre-miḥna historical works, written by historians who lived and wrote before the enforcement of the miḥna in 218/833. These works are the earliest available from the ᶜAbbasid era. The chapter analyzes how the caliphs’ attempts to establish a pro-ᶜAbbāsid orthodoxy influenced history writing and thus impacted historical depictions of conversion. Tracing and analyzing topoi of conversion, the chapter demonstrates how pro-ᶜAbbāsid historians portrayed the conversion of major Umayyad figures unfavorably, advancing pro-Shīᶜite and pro-ᶜAlid depictions. ᶜAbbāsid depictions are contrasted with pre-ᶜAbbāsid portrayals to emphasize how religio-political disputes shape the historiographical narrative.

Keywords:   Sunni, Shiite, conversion to Islam, Islamic studies, Abbasids, Umayyads, Muhammad, Muslim historiography, medieval historiography, mihna

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