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Conversion to IslamCompeting Themes in Early Islamic Historiography$
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Ayman S. Ibrahim

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780197530719

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780197530719.001.0001

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(p.231) 5 Conclusion
Conversion to Islam

Ayman S. Ibrahim

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 presents a cohesive conclusion, summarizing the findings, rehearsing the arguments, and synthesizing the concluding remarks of the entire study. Islamic historiography presents varying notions of conversion to Islam which are evidenced by repeated literary features and depictions. It suggests not only that conversion started slowly (as recent studies advocate) but also that conversion meant different things, including sincere religious conviction and mere political submission. Medieval Muslim historians utilize conversion themes to address both non-Muslims and Muslims, highlighting the supremacy of Islam to non-Muslims and emphasizing genuineness of faith to Muslims. Literary depictions of conversion are a product of the religious views of the historians, influenced by the sociopolitical requirements at the time of writing.

Keywords:   conversion to Islam, Islamic studies, Muhammad’s biography, Muslim historiography, Abbasid studies, medieval Islam, medieval Historiography, mihna, Abbasids, Umayyads

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