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Lethal Autonomous WeaponsRe-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare$
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Jai Galliott, Duncan MacIntosh, and Jens David Ohlin

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780197546048

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780197546048.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

The Better Instincts of Humanity: Humanitarian Arguments in Defense of International Arms Control

The Better Instincts of Humanity: Humanitarian Arguments in Defense of International Arms Control

Chapter:
(p.103) 7 The Better Instincts of Humanity: Humanitarian Arguments in Defense of International Arms Control
Source:
Lethal Autonomous Weapons
Author(s):

Natalia Jevglevskaja

Rain Liivoja

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0008

Disagreements about the humanitarian risk-benefit balance of weapons technology are not new. The history of arms control negotiations offers many examples of weaponry that was regarded ‘inhumane’ by some, while hailed by others as a means to reduce injury or suffering in conflict. The debate about autonomous weapons systems reflects this dynamic, yet also stands out in some respects, notably largely hypothetical nature of concerns raised in regard to these systems as well as ostensible disparities in States’ approaches to conceptualizing autonomy. This chapter considers how misconceptions surrounding autonomous weapons technology impede the progress of the deliberations of the Group of Governmental Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems. An obvious tendency to focus on the perceived risks posed by these systems, much more so than potential operational and humanitarian advantages they offer, is likely to jeopardize the prospect of finding a meaningful resolution to the debate.

Keywords:   arms control treaties, chemical weapons, cluster munitions, autonomous weapons systems, humanitarian risk-benefit analysis, Conventional Weapons Conventions

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