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Survival of the VirtuousHow We Became a Moral Animal$
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Dennis L. Krebs

Print publication date: 2022

Print ISBN-13: 9780197629482

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2022

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780197629482.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 01 July 2022

Reframing Psychological Theories of Morality

Reframing Psychological Theories of Morality

Chapter:
(p.132) 9 Reframing Psychological Theories of Morality
Source:
Survival of the Virtuous
Author(s):

Dennis L. Krebs

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780197629482.003.0010

This chapter explains how evolutionary theory supplies a basis for expanding and refining psychological approaches to morality such as those espoused by social learning theorists, cognitive-developmental theorists, and dual-process theorists. Evolutionary theory offers an explanation for how the mental mechanisms featured in these theories, such as those that mediate social learning and rational and emotional forms of moral decision-making, originated and why they are designed in particular ways. Viewing the psychological mechanisms that give rise to moral judgments and moral behaviors as adaptations that helped early humans propagate their genes casts them in a light that helps explain why humans acquired them and why they change as children develop.

Keywords:   social learning theory, cognitive-developmental theory, dual-process theory, moral development, rational decision-making, emotional-intuitive decision-making, domain specificity, moral judgment biases, old brain mechanisms, new brain mechanisms

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