Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Chemical Dynamics in Condensed PhasesRelaxation, Transfer and Reactions in Condensed Molecular Systems$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Abraham Nitzan

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198529798

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198529798.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 December 2021

Linear Response Theory

Linear Response Theory

(p.399) 11 Linear Response Theory
Chemical Dynamics in Condensed Phases

Abraham Nitzan

Oxford University Press

Equilibrium statistical mechanics is a first principle theory whose fundamental statements are general and independent of the details associated with individual systems. No such general theory exists for nonequilibrium systems and for this reason we often have to resort to ad hoc descriptions, often of phenomenological nature, as demonstrated by several examples in Chapters 7 and 8. Equilibrium statistical mechanics can however be extended to describe small deviations from equilibrium in a way that preserves its general nature. The result is Linear Response Theory, a statistical mechanical perturbative expansion about equilibrium. In a standard application we start with a system in thermal equilibrium and attempt to quantify its response to an applied (static- or time-dependent) perturbation. The latter is assumed small, allowing us to keep only linear terms in a perturbative expansion. This leads to a linear relationship between this perturbation and the resulting response. Let us make these statements more quantitative. Consider a system characterized by the Hamiltonian Ĥ0.

Keywords:   Haven ratio, Kubo identity, Nernst–Einstein equation, Onsager regression hypothesis, Stokes–Einstein relation, casuality, linear response theory, mobility, tracer diffusion coefficient

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .