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Applied Computational Physics$
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Joseph F. Boudreau and Eric. S. Swanson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198708636

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198708636.001.0001

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Quantum spin systems

Quantum spin systems

(p.773) 22 Quantum spin systems
Applied Computational Physics

Joseph F. Boudreau

Eric S. Swanson

Oxford University Press

The quantum mechanical underpinnings of magnetism are explored via the Heisenberg model of antiferromagnetism. The Lanczos algorithm is developed and applied to obtain ground state properties of the anisotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin chain. In particular, the phase diagram for the system magnetization is determined. A quantum Monte Carlo method that is appropriate for discrete systems is also presented. The method leverages the similarity between the Schrödinger equation and the diffusion equation to compute energy levels. The formalism necessary to compute ground state matrix elements is also developed. Finally, the method is tested with an application to the spin chain.

Keywords:   Heisenberg model, Lanczos algorithm, magnetism, quantum Monte Carlo, discrete systems

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