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Pragmatic Aspects of Scalar ModifiersThe Semantics-Pragmatics Interface$
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Osamu Sawada

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198714224

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198714224.001.0001

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Interpretations of embedded pragmatic scalar modifiers

Interpretations of embedded pragmatic scalar modifiers

(p.153) 8 Interpretations of embedded pragmatic scalar modifiers
Pragmatic Aspects of Scalar Modifiers

Osamu Sawada

Oxford University Press

Chapter 8 investigates the interpretation of embedded pragmatic scalar modifiers and considers the semantic mechanism behind subject- and speaker-oriented interpretations of embedded pragmatic scalar modifiers and CIs. For a subject-oriented reading, it is argued that there is a shift from a CI to a secondary at-issue entailment at the clausal level when the embedded clause combines with an attitude predicate and has a subject-oriented reading. For a speaker-oriented reading of embedded pragmatic scalar modifiers, it is claimed that the lower-level pragmatic scalar modifiers have the distinctive property of projection: unlike higher-level pragmatic scalar modifiers/typical CIs, lower-level pragmatic scalar modifiers can project out of the complement of a belief predicate only if there is a speaker-oriented modal in the main clause. This chapter shows that the interpretation of embedded pragmatic scalar modifiers is not only a matter of context and involves semantic and pragmatic mechanisms.

Keywords:   embedded pragmatic scalar modifier, conventional implicature (CI), secondary at-issue entailment, projection, speaker-oriented modal, attitude predicate, perspective, judge

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