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China, Russia, and Twenty-First Century Global Geopolitics$
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Paul J. Bolt and Sharyl N. Cross

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198719519

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198719519.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 September 2021

The Sino–Russian Military–Security Relationship

The Sino–Russian Military–Security Relationship

Emerging Trends and Challenges

(p.108) 3 The Sino–Russian Military–Security Relationship
China, Russia, and Twenty-First Century Global Geopolitics

Paul J. Bolt

Sharyl N. Cross

Oxford University Press

China and Russia see numerous external and internal challenges that threaten their security, including Russia’s standoff with NATO over Ukraine and China’s territorial disputes in the South China Sea, and both states are increasing the capabilities of their military forces. In this environment, China and Russia have established a secure border that enables them to focus elsewhere. Russian arms sales to China are important, and the two sides engage in joint military exercises, both bilaterally and in conjunction with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. They further cooperate on regional issues and space. However, China and Russia have not formed a military alliance, and the memory of past conflicts and the growing power of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) vis-à-vis the Russian military place limits on security cooperation.

Keywords:   China, Russia, security, military, arms sales, military exercises, alliance

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