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China, Russia, and Twenty-First Century Global Geopolitics$
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Paul J. Bolt and Sharyl N. Cross

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198719519

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198719519.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 September 2021

Emerging Non-traditional Security Challenges

Emerging Non-traditional Security Challenges

Color Revolutions, Cyber and Information Security, Terrorism, and Violent Extremism

(p.216) 5 Emerging Non-traditional Security Challenges
China, Russia, and Twenty-First Century Global Geopolitics

Paul J. Bolt

Sharyl N. Cross

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 focuses on three emerging non-traditional security challenges identified as critical concerns or “main threats” for both Russia and China: color revolutions, cyber and information security, and terrorism and violent extremism. There is a high degree of coincidence between Russian and Chinese perspectives on these issues, recognizing the vulnerabilities that each presents for state security. Russia and China oppose color revolutions, strongly argue that authoritarian regimes have full international legitimacy, and resist attempts to undermine sovereignty in promoting democratization or regime transition. China and Russia attempt to influence international standards on freedom of expression in cyberspace by urging greater UN control over the Internet and engaging in censorship to protect state stability over free expression. While Russia, China, and the West struggle against terrorists who use violence to reshape the international order, China and Russia define terrorism more broadly to include all who might threaten to undermine the current government.

Keywords:   China, Russia, color revolution, cyber security, terrorism, violent extremism

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