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Language Dispersal, Diversification, and Contact$
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Mily Crevels and Pieter Muysken

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198723813

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198723813.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 June 2021

Language diversification and contact in Africa

Language diversification and contact in Africa

(p.210) 12 Language diversification and contact in Africa
Language Dispersal, Diversification, and Contact

Gerrit J. Dimmendaal

Oxford University Press

The linguistic map of Africa as it manifests itself in its gestalt to us today is the result of a range of factors, involving climate change, technological innovations, as well as social conditions. Climate change resulted in the expansion as well as reduction of human habitation and thereby of language families. Technological changes, for example the introduction of pastoralism or agriculture also must have played an important role in the creation of new linguistic areas. A quintessential role, however, is to be attributed to social factors determining whether linguistic boundaries are maintained or dissolved.

Keywords:   climate change, expansion zones, isolate, language shift, social identity, technological change, linguistic area, social factor

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