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The Phonology of Chichewa$
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Laura J. Downing and Al Mtenje

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198724742

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198724742.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 November 2021

Grammatical Tone Patterns of Affirmative Main Clause Verbs

Grammatical Tone Patterns of Affirmative Main Clause Verbs

(p.135) 7 Grammatical Tone Patterns of Affirmative Main Clause Verbs
The Phonology of Chichewa

Laura J. Downing

Al Mtenje

Oxford University Press

The chapter begins with a brief background section introducing what is meant by grammatical tone patterns in Bantu languages. Eight different grammatical tone patterns can be identified for affirmative main clause verbs, representing eighteen inflections. The tone patterns for all eighteen inflections are illustrated and discussed in detail in the core eight sections of the chapter. The tone patterns of high-toned extensions and Object Markers are also illustrated and analyzed. The concluding section takes up some analytical issues raised by grammatical tone, including the accentual properties of the tone patterns, the abstract relationship between the source of the high tone patterns and the target syllables for tone realization, and how the grammatical tone patterns of Chichewa could have led to the skewing, in the synchronic verb system, toward toneless stems.

Keywords:   grammatical tone, affirmative verbs, main clause verbs, high-toned extensions, Object Marker, accent, abstract tone realization

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