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Marine Pollution$
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Christopher L. J. Frid and Bryony A. Caswell

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198726289

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198726289.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021

Regulation, monitoring and management

Regulation, monitoring and management

(p.218) Chapter 7 Regulation, monitoring and management
Marine Pollution

Christopher L. J. Frid

Bryony A. Caswell

Oxford University Press

Pollution is detrimental by definition, but cheap waste disposal provides economic benefits to society. A balance is needed between protection of the environment and the level of acceptable change. Laws and regulations set out those levels and then science must monitor the environment to ensure that levels of change remain in the acceptable boundaries. Designing and implementing monitoring programmes is difficult in the marine environment as data collection is expensive and the systems are naturally highly variable, making data ‘noisy’. One of the most widely accepted axioms in international environmental protection is the polluter-pays principle. This extends to the cost of clean-up from accidental releases but also the cost of regular treatment and monitoring of the effects of routine, operational, discharges. However, as there will always remain an economic incentive to cut costs by cutting treatment, pollution regulation measures require the back-up of effective enforcement.

Keywords:   Monitoring regime, big data, citizen science, international agreements, environmental indicator, regulation, baseline, global environmental status, environmental quality standards, best practical environmental option

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