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Animal Locomotion$
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Andrew Biewener and Sheila Patek

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198743156

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198743156.001.0001

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Jumping, Climbing and Suspensory Locomotion

Jumping, Climbing and Suspensory Locomotion

(p.147) Chapter 7 Jumping, Climbing and Suspensory Locomotion
Animal Locomotion
Andrew A. Biewener, Shelia N. Patek
Oxford University Press

Jumping, climbing and suspensory locomotion are specialized locomotor mechanisms used on land and in the air. Jumping is used for rapid launches from substrates. Climbing and suspensory movements enable locomotion up, under and through vertically-structured habitats, such as forests. Elastic energy storage is particularly important for jumping and catapult systems and we address the core concepts of power amplification that are exemplified in nature’s extreme jumpers. We examine the diverse mechanisms of attachment that characterize animals that can grasp and adhere to a diversity of structures. We conclude the chapter by examining the integration of biological capabilities with engineering innovations in these systems.

Keywords:   ballistics, jumping dynamics, jump scaling, power amplification, countermovement, gripping, adhesion, brachiation, biorobotics

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