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Practising Public HealthAn Eyewitness Account$
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John Ashton

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198743170

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198743170.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 October 2020

Protecting health

Protecting health

Chapter:
(p.89) Chapter 5 Protecting health
Source:
Practising Public Health
Author(s):

John Ashton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198743170.003.0005

This chapter explores the concept of health protection, defines its scope, and illustrates how health protection may be needed in relation to a wide range of issues with specific examples that the author has been involved with during his public health career. A framework for health protection which covers both communicable and non-communicable disease threats in both the natural and built environment is proposed. Examples covered include chemical incidents; the emergence of new and novel infectious diseases; the crisis in measles, mumps and rubella vaccination following the publication of a since-discredited scare in the Lancet by former Dr Andrew Wakefield; the Hillsborough football stadium disaster; the humanitarian crisis in North Macedonia during the Kosovo emergency; and a fatal mass shooting in Cumbria. The emergence of the threat of HIV infection to injecting drug users in Liverpool is described together with details of the response which included the first large-scale syringe exchange programme. The importance of preparedness, training, intelligence, and inclusive public communication is stressed as well as the dynamic nature of health protection.

Keywords:   external threats to health, International Classification of Disease, HIV/AIDS, safeguarding, harm reduction, disasters and emergencies

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