Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Singular Thought and Mental Files$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Rachel Goodman, James Genone, and Nick Kroll

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198746881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198746881.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 February 2021

Embedding Language in the World

Embedding Language in the World

Chapter:
(p.251) 12 Embedding Language in the World
Source:
Singular Thought and Mental Files
Author(s):

Ruth Millikan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198746881.003.0012

Direct reference theories hold that nothing beyond reference is carried from speaker to hearer by singular terms. The chapter argues the same is true of common nouns and most other extensional terms such as terms for properties, places, events, and actions. None of these terms carry descriptions, grasp of paradigm property sets, inferential mandates, or anything else to be “loosened” or “tightened” by pragmatic inference. Both thought and language are directly structured by the structure of the world itself, not by peculiarities of the human mind and not by convention. The route from speech to hearer understanding is indirect, passing, typically, through the hearer’s prior grasp of world structure, a structure that hearers may have idiosyncratic ways of grasping. They may have quite different ways of identifying the same thing; that is, different ways of recognizing when new natural or intentional information about the same is arriving at the sensory surfaces.

Keywords:   direct reference, unicepts, singular thought, senses, de re thought, mental files

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .